Braces and other orthodontic treatments are used to treat malocclusion, which means having crooked teeth or a “poor bite.” One’s bite is the way the upper and lower teeth come together. In a proper bite, the upper teeth sit slightly forward of the lower teeth. Few people have a perfect bite. Malocclusion is sometimes a cosmetic problem, but crooked teeth are also hard to care for properly. This can lead to tooth decay, or even tooth loss.
The most common types of malocclusion are:
– Upper protrusion (overjet) – The upper front teeth are pushed forward. This can be caused by a small lower jaw or by thumb-sucking, which may cause the roof of the mouth to change shape. Upper protrusion is sometimes referred to as buck teeth.
– Spacing or crowding problems – If an individual has too much or too little room in the mouth, spacing or crowding problems can be caused. Crowding can keep the permanent teeth from coming in properly or at all.
– Open bite – The upper and lower front teeth do not overlap, thus creating an opening straight into the mouth. An open bite can also be present on the side(s) of the mouth.
– Overbite – If an individual has an excessive overbite, the upper front teeth go too far down over the lower front teeth. In extreme cases, this causes the lower teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.
– Underbite – The front lower teeth are farther forward than the front upper teeth.
– Cross bite – A cross bite is present when some or all of the upper teeth are on the wrong side of the lower teeth.
– Rotation – A tooth is turned or tipped.
We invite you to contact Full Smile Orthodontics at 760.804.0080 today to learn more about treatment for malocclusion in Carlsbad, California, and to schedule a visit with our orthodontist, Dr. Daniel Adams.